Child, Adolescent and Adult Psychiatry



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How Obesity Can Affect Your Child



You’ve heard the tales about the pleased fat individual, right? Well, as comforting as they might be, especially if your own child is heavy, they may be more misconception compared to reality in a lot of children’s lives. Not only are there health prices associated with childhood obesity, yet your youngster’s weight issue is likewise thoroughly entangled in his psychological world.

Social Preconception

For obese kids along with their parents, coping with excess pounds could be heartbreaking. In its own method, the social preconception affixed to being obese could be as damaging to a youngster as the bodily diseases as well as problems that typically come with weight problems. You can probably see it in the eyes and hear it in the words of your own overweight youngster. In a culture that places a costs on thinness, researches show that youngsters as youthful as 6 years might associate adverse stereotypes with excess weight and think that a hefty youngster is merely much less likable.

Self-Esteem & Institution Bullying

Real, some overweight kids are very popular with their schoolmates, really feel good about themselves, as well as have a lot of self confidence. However typically, if your youngster is obese, he is more probable to have reduced self-esteem than his thinner peers. His weak self-worth can translate right into feelings of shame regarding his physical body, as well as his absence of confidence could result in poorer scholastic performance at school. You probably do not require a comprehensive summary of exactly how challenging the everyday life of overweight children can in some cases be. These children might be informed by schoolmates (or even grownups) that being heavy is their very own mistake. They may be called names. They could possibly be subjected to teasing and bullying. Their previous pals could prevent them, and also they may additionally have problem making new pals. They could possibly be the last one decided on when teams are selected in physical education courses.

October 31st, 2017

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The Main Causes of Panic Attacks

People who experience panic attacks often are mistakenly led to believe that it is their own fault for having them. Because of this, they will feel angry at themselves even if panic attacks are beyond their control. The underlying causes of panic attacks are the following:

  • Genetic Predisposition

If there’s any reason that could prove to people that panic attacks are truly beyond their control, it’s this one. Most of the times, there is a genetic factor involved with panic attacks. This means that most people who experience this are already born being prone to develop panic attacks. Humans are all born with innate tendencies that exist in our biological instincts from birth. Panic attacks can be considered as one of these tendencies, but luckily we are living in a civilized world, and these tendencies can be overcome through certain techniques.

  • Constant Anxiety-filled Atmosphere during Childhood

Secondly, people who develop panic attacks may not have been born with it, but were exposed to a series of unfortunate, anxiety-causing events that led them to experience extreme levels of anxiety early on. This is also out of a person’s control, because childhood is a time when many situations and decisions are not yours to make, as you are still in the early stages of learning and absorbing information. During this time, this learning process would have been affected by numerous reasons, such as a sudden death in the family, a severe type of illness, divorce, or any situation that could have gotten in the way of growing up believing the world was still a safe and happy place.

  • Emerging as an Adult

Transitioning from the innocence of the childhood stage to the rough splash in the face of the adult stage is filled with not only wonder, new opportunities, and bigger adventure, but also with the introduction of high levels of stress and new responsibilities. Finally stepping out of your comfort zone and exploring both the good and bad of the world can open your eyes up to events that can truly cause anxiety, such as a toxic relationship, a stressful job, or drama within your social circle. Many changes which are natural, such as finishing school, moving homes, or applying for a job may also be a source of stress that could accumulate until the individual can have a much too difficult time trying to cope with it.

Studies show that most people who develop panic attacks experience the first symptoms in their early twenties and thirties. These are the years that mark the beginning of your independent life, and the decisions and lifestyle you choose to make for yourself are what can greatly affect your risk for anxiety attacks.

  • These Factors Have a Common Denominator

When factoring in math, you look for a common denominator to help you solve the problem. Similarly, these three factors all have a common denominator— none of them are under your own control.

Genetics, early exposure to extreme stress, and adulthood are all developmental events in life that will inevitably happen to people. No matter how much you blame yourself, life will go on its way. The best you can do is to come to terms with the situation and try not to feel guilty or ashamed of panic attacks. With the proper guidance, you can overcome these factors

What these three factors have in common is that none of them were under your own control. These are all developmental events in life which happen to some people. The factors which cause panic attacks are not something you could have controlled.

There is therefore no reason to feel guilty, ashamed, or apologetic about having panic attacks. They are not the result of living badly; or of making bad choices; or of being “stupid”, or cowardly.

October 19th, 2017

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The Thin Line Between Worries and Anxiety Disorder

It’s normal to get sweaty palms and nervous flutters in your stomach once in a while, whether you’re nervous for an exam, about to have an interview, or any other high-pressure event that may trigger the normal feelings of worry and stress. However, if these feelings become increasingly frequent that they are getting in the way of your daily routine, you may need to consider that the problem stems from a deeper issue.

Anxiety disorder can be hard to distinguish from the everyday stress of your regular activities, so it’s important to be aware of the symptoms. Even if you’re fairly certain your stress level is under control, knowing the symptoms may benefit your friends and family, as the inability to control stress can be overwhelming and, often times, crippling.

This type of disorder branches out to many different categories, ranging from panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and phobias, however, the focus will be centered on generalized anxiety disorder.
The symptoms that children experience vary slightly from the symptoms that an adolescent may experience. It may be hard to detect serious anxiety problems in a very young child, given that having tantrums or scaring easily is a normal part of growing up.

There are small signs which could help you determine if their fear is a serious problem. After watching a horror movie, or experiencing a frightening event, a stable child would of course be unnerved. However, he/she can be comforted and assured afterwards. If the assurances provided are still not sufficient and the child is still fearful, it may be an early sign of anxiety disorder.

In an adolescent’s case, there may be physical signs such as tense muscles, or a sore feeling in the limbs. Constant sweating, nausea, and stomach aches over a long period of time are also common, and an extreme sensitivity to criticism. An unreasonable level of self-consciousness and fear of being judged by society are also signs of an underlying anxiety problem.

Note that an anxiety disorder comes on gradually, and the symptoms may not be present for the first few months, or even years. Be sure to constantly assess yourself to ensure your mental health is not inflicting negative harm on your life.

If you’re still uncertain whether you have a normal stress level or a disorder, the best thing to do is to check with a psychiatrist for a more accurate assessment of your mental health.

October 16th, 2017

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Art Therapy and How It Helps in Mental Health Treatment

How exactly does art therapy work, and what methods does it encompass? A therapist specializing in art therapy may choose from a variety of art methods, depending on the case and personality of the patient. These methods include painting or drawing pictures, sculpting a figure or abstract object, composing or listening to music, writing stories, or putting together a collage of different materials. Patients can range from young children to the elderly, and patients who have experienced trauma, violence, abuse, anxiety, depression, and other psychological problem can benefit from expressing themselves creatively.

Art therapy is usually available in most hospitals, private health offices catering to mental health, community organizations, and even in schools.  Hospitals, private mental health offices, schools, and community organizations are all possible settings where art therapy services may be available.

Art therapy differs from average art classes because of the focus.

In art classes, both teacher and student focus on developing their skills and artistic technique. Art therapy on the other hand usually focuses mostly on emotions and expressing energies found within the patient.

Other than creating various forms of art, most art therapists encourage their patients to further dissect the meanings of their works by allowing them time to observe their final output and extracting insights from them. This helps both patient and doctor discover deeper meanings about their emotions.

Another technique which was created by Carl Jung is called ‘active imagination’. In this method, patients rely solely on their imaginations and create an output based on the spontaneity of their minds. The goal is to help enhance their growth and understanding.

Also popular is the gestalt method, which enters on the whole picture of the present moment. A gestalt art therapist may use different materials to initiate a discussion, or jumpstart the process, for example, a client’s image. The patient might be asked to describe their own image, as this draws opinions and generalizations based from the patient’s own perspective regarding themselves. As patients continue to talk about themselves, gradually feeling more and more comfortable adding adjectives and phrases to their own self-image, their higher understanding will reflect in their artwork.

Another approach is called the ‘third-hand’ approach, which is a term originally coined by art therapist Edith Kramer. Often, patients have difficulty in conveying their emotions through their own skills alone, so therapists will, without distorting the original artwork, get involved in the making of the artwork. The reason for this is simply to better convey the artist’s meaning into a more understandable image. For example, a therapist would help a patient apply and glue images for a collage, while still allowing the patient to choose the images themselves.

October 14th, 2017

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What is Tourette Syndrome?

Twitching and throat clearing are perfectly normal in most human beings. They are just some of the many involuntary gestures and movements that we associate with anxiety or stage fright. However, there are some people out there that don’t have it the same way. These movements are frequent to them and they can’t control it. This condition is called Tourette Syndrome.

First and foremost, what is Tourette syndrome?

Nicknamed as TS, it is a neurological disorder often represented by repetitive, commonly done involuntary gesture and vocalizations referred to as tics. This was first discovered by a French neurologist, Gilles de la Tourette, in 1885.

TS can be detected as early as childhood about 3 to 9 years of age and can experience the worst of the symptoms around their teen years. However, though a chronic condition, this can diminish overtime but not entirely disappear. The causes of TS is not exactly known and research is still ongoing in an attempt to explain why. However, there are some researches that suggest that it could be from abnormalities within the part of the brain such as the frontal lobes and cortex, the neurotransmitters found in the brain or the chemicals associated with it such as dopamine and norepinephrine.

There are also two types of tics, simple and complex.

Simple tics are often sudden and brief, and comes in repetitive movements. Common movements include eye blinking, facial grimacing, shrugging or head and/or shoulder jerking. When it comes to vocalizations, these are repetitive throat-clearing, sniffing and grunting.

However, when it comes to complex tics, it becomes more distinct and coordinated compared to the random ones projected by simple tics. Such movements would include grimacing, head twists and shoulder shrugs. Some tics may look like it is being done on purpose like sniffing, hopping, jumping, and bending. In terms of vocalizations, these would still include some of the common ones like throat-clearing, sniffing, grunting or barking.

However, there are also tics that are seen to be disabling and could cause harm to others and to oneself such as punching oneself in the face, repetition of others’ words or phrases (echolalia) or swearing or usage of socially inappropriate words (coprolalia).

For those who are wondering if tics could get worse if one experiences a certain high or low in emotions such as anxiety and excitement, it does. But sometimes, tics can worsen or be triggered through certain experiences or daily habits like wearing tight neck collars or hearing someone clear their throat. However, tics do diminish when one is engrossed in calming and focus-oriented activities.

October 8th, 2017

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