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Teens with Sleeping Problems are Prone to Self Harm

sleep-problemAdolescents with sleep problems were significantly more likely to report self-harm than those without sleep problems, according to the findings of a study led by Mari Hysing from Uni Research in Bergen, and published in the British Journal of Psychiatry. Insomnia, short sleep duration, long sleep onset latency, wake after sleep onset as well as large differences between weekdays versus weekends, yielded higher odds of self-harm consistent with a dose–response relationship. Depressive symptoms accounted for some, but not all, of this association, the study found.

In order to assess the relationship between lack of sleep and self-harm, a survey was conducted in Norway covering 10,220 adolescents aged 16–19 years on mental health, including a comprehensive assessment of sleep and self-harm. A total of 702, or 7.2% of the total, met the criteria for self-harm, and of those, more than half, or about 55%, reported harming themselves on two or more occasions. Self-harming occurs more frequently among girls than boys, and cutting is the most prevalent form of self-harm. Furthermore, the risk of self-harming was 4 times higher among the adolescents who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for insomnia. Adolescents who reported self-harm had, as expected, also higher rates of both depression, signs of perfectionism, as well as ADHD symptoms. The researchers say that depressive symptoms accounted for some, but not all, of the association to self-harming. However, the latter association remained significant even in the fully adjusted analyses, they emphasize.

Since the findings highlight a strong relationship between sleep problems and self-harm, the authors of the study recommend that interventions to reduce adolescent self-harm should also incorporate sleep problems as a treatment target.

Of course, treatment depends on finding out first the real cause for the lack of adequate sleep. Insomnia, the inability to get the amount of sleep a body needs to wake up feeling rested and refreshed, is the most commonly cited cause. But insomnia itself is often a symptom of another underlying problem, like stress, anxiety, depression, or a medical condition. It can also result from certain lifestyle choices, including lack of exercise, jet lag, too much partying, or even imbibing too much coffee or cola. Aside from insomnia, other common sleep disorders are sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy. If you suspect your child is having problems sleeping, have him or her checked up by a doctor soon before it leads to even bigger mental health concerns, including self-harm.

March 12th, 2018

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The Dangers of Bipolar Self Inflicted Injuries

Whatever the method of attempt at bipolar disorder self injury, there is seriousness attached to it. People who have attempted suicide in the past are 40 times more likely to commit suicide than those who never have attempted it before.

If a person begins to make final arrangements, or to set his or her affairs in order for no particular reason, suicide may be on his or her mind. It could be as simple as giving away possessions, or as complex as making financial arrangements. It should be determined whether or not that person is in danger of bipolar disorder self injury if this is suddenly seen in a bipolar individual.

More women than men attempt suicide, but 80 percent of the deaths by suicide are by males. Bipolar disorder self injury, then, is a distinct and growing problem.

It is difficult enough dealing with the affective, social, legal, and physical consequences of the disease. Self harm and suicide make attention to bipolar disorder self injury most necessary.

One form of bipolar disorder self injury that is coming most recently into the public consciousness is self mutilation, or “cutting”. Suicide, of course, is the most extreme form of bipolar disorder self injury. At this stage there is concern of bipolar disorder self injury, but the ideas are just at a simmer.

When a person begins to make plans, the danger of bipolar disorder self injury becomes more imminent. If this is suddenly seen in a bipolar individual, it should be determined whether or not that person is in danger of bipolar disorder self injury.

December 12th, 2017

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